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Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District in Brazil Civil and Criminal ID Solution NEC's Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) realized 100% service for identity document issuance and enhanced productivity of experts, police chiefs and civil police.

Introduction

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Brasília is the capital of the Federative Republic of Brazil. Founded in 1960, its architectural and urban master plan was recognized internationally. Soon in the first years of the city´s settlement, the Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District was established, with the mission of conducting both civil and criminal fingerprint identifications for identity documents issuance and solving crimes. Since then, the Institute has been nationally recognized for its exemplary service.

Challenges

With the growth of the population of Brasília in recent decades, the need for modernizing the Institute became evident.
In the civil area, the increasing demand for civil document issuance made faster service unfeasible. This high demand also weakened the system that ensured the delivery of reliable identity verification of each citizen.

In the criminal area, the manual identification process, such as separation and checking of cards with fingerprints, started demanding a much longer time from the Institute professionals. There was no capability to search for a latent fingerprint efficiently on a million people database, placing citizenship at risk as well as the system of evidences that supports the legal system.
The great challenge was the system modernization, by deploying a technology able to identify people by their fingerprints out of millions of records, quickly and safely.

Solution

The NEC Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) was the answer, offering a complete solution for the identification of the individual with specialized software, training and support services, including system maintenance after its implementation.

“We conclude that NEC has become a major partner of the Institute of Identification. We bought here a diamond and this diamond has been lapidated. It is practically ready and has become a precious stone to public safety in the Federal District", says Nadiel Dias da Costa, Assistant Director of the Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District. NEC AFIS provides the highest level of accuracy and response speed among the AFIS in the market. NEC has been ranked No.1 in accuracy worldwide on the Evaluation of Latent Fingerprint Technologies (ELFT) test carried out by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Not only NEC AFIS is the best ranked AFIS in the market but also NEC developed and patented its own latent algorithm. This algorithm not only considers the position of minutiae but also makes the relationship among them, counting the number of ridges. NEC AFIS design allows connectivity to all systems that are in compliance with the NIST standard.

The system comprised three implementation stages:

  • Conversion of 3 million fingerprint records into a format compatible with the AFIS
  • Installation and integration of equipment, servers configuration and "matching" processes in addition to the system fine tuning (overall system tuning)
  • Training of end users, finally going into production The system creates a database, searches, analyzes, checks and controls the fingerprints collected, which facilitates the issuance of ID cards, eliminating the occurrence of duplicity and hampering fraud. In the criminal field, the same database is used to identify latent fingerprints found at crime scenes.

NEC has more than 40 years of experience in R&D of fingerprint identification technology and has been in operation in over 30 countries worldwide. NEC Latin America Regional Competence Center for public safety pulled together the NEC global resources to implement the project in the best way possible.

Results

In the criminal area, the solution of crimes such as robberies, murders, rapes and assaults became much more efficient. A scan done on the database of fingerprints, from the year 2000 to 2008, enabled, in only 8 days, 111 positive identifications of fingerprints of criminal suspects so far unresolved. In addition, the system enabled the operation - a special police operation against thefts and robberies – to achieve the level of 440 cases solved in only 22 days.

This system has also been used for identifying corpses buried as unidentified. In the result of the fingerprint matching of those buried in the period from 1996 to 2011, 17 cases were solved. This will provide a decent burial for families and they will be able to seek for social benefits, such as insurances and inventories. In addition, the police may stop investigating a case of mere disappearance, once the experience shows that most of the cases of corpses found in a state of decompositions is related to a crime – especially homicides.

In the area of civil identification, the Civil Police of the Federal District gained important benefits. With the implementation of the system, a 100% level of service for issuance of identity documents is served, finishing the lines and complaints. In 2011, the Institute of Identification issued 249,000 identification documents, a 38.49% increase compared to 2008, when 180,131 applicants were served with the manual process of identification.

According to Massato Takakuwa, Director for Government Business of NEC, “What we learned from this process is that the partnership held among the teams of NEC and the Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District enabled the improvement of the system as a whole”.

It is not enough just having the best system. Teams shall be involved to operate this system as best as possible and our partnership ensured the success of the project” states Dr. Carlos Cesar de Sousa Saraiva, Director of the Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District.

This strong partnership, coupled with exclusive NEC AFIS, has created the best conditions in order to deliver to the population of the Federal District a service that enhances security, justice and the feeling of citizenship.

About the Institute of Identification

The Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District, body subordinated to the Forensic Science Department, develops activities that involve planning, coordination, supervision, control and performance of fingerprint expert investigation works related to the survey, collection, analysis, codification, decoding and search of fingerprint patterns and vestiges, expert works of prosopography, iconography, aging, rejuvenation, representation and human facial reconstitution, development of the respective expert reports, as well as the performance of studies and technical-scientific surveys aiming at improving the expert investigations regarding the position.

Customer profile

Institute of Identification of the Civil Police of the Federal District in Brazil

 
Type of business Government
Established 1960

(June 18, 2012)